Glossary of Japanese Terms

Stances (click on picture to enlarge)

Yoi Dachi - Ready Stance
Fudo Dachi - Formal Stance
Zenkutsu Dachi - Forward Leaning Stance
Uchi Hachi ji Dachi - Figure of Eight Stance
Musubi Dachi - Open Toe Stance
Kokutsu Dachi - Back Leaning Stance
Sanchin Dachi - Three Point Stance
Kiba Dachi - Horse/Straddle Stance
Neko Ashi Dachi - Cat Stance
Tsuri Ashi Dachi - Crane Stance
Moro Ashi Dachi - One Foot Forward Stance
Heisoku Dachi - Parallel Stance
Kake Dachi - Hooked Stance


Strikes - Level, Target or Direction

Age - Rising
Ago - Jaw or Chin
Ate - Hit
Chudan - Middle Level
Ganmen - Face
Gedan - Lower Level
Hizo - Spleen
Jodan - Upper Level
Mae - Forward / Front
Mawashi - Round House
Morote - Double
Oi - Lunge
Oroshi - Descending
Sayu - Left and Right
Shomen - Front
Ushiro - Back
Yoko - Side



Weapon or Technique

Haito - Inner Knife Hand
Haisho - Backhand
Hiraken - Flat Fist
Ippon Nukite - Single Finger Spearhand
Keiko - Chicken Beak
Koken - Wrist Top
Komekami - Temple
Nakayubi Ippon Ken - Middle Finger Knuckle Fist
Nihon Nukite (Me Tsuki) - Two Finger Spearhand
Nukite
- Spearhand
Oyayubi Ippon Ken - Thumb Knuckle Fist
Ryutoken - Dragons Head Fist
Shita - Lower
Shotei - Palm Heel
Seiken - Forefist
Hiji (Empi) - Elbow
Shuto (Te Katana) - Knife Hand
Sakotsu - Collarbone
Tate - Vertical
Tettsui - Bottom Fist / Fist Edge / Hammer Fist
Tsuki - Punch
Toho - Sword Peak Hand
Uchikomi - Trust
Uraken - Back Fist
Uchi - Strike / Inner
Yonhon Nukite - Four Finger Spearhand



Blocks - Level, Target or Direction

Chudan - Middle Level
Gedan - Lower Level
Jodan - Upper Level
Mae - Forward / Front
Mawashi - Roundhouse
Morote - Double
Uchi - Inside
Soto - Outside

Weapon or Technique

Barai - Parry
Haito - Inner Knife Hand
Hiji - Elbow
Juji - Crossed
Kake - Hooking
Koken - Wrist Top
Osae - Holding Down
Shotei - Palm Heel
Shuto (Te Katana) - Knife Hand
Uke - Block

Kicks - Level, Target or Direction

Age - Rising
Chudan - Middle Level
Ganmen - Face
Jodan - Upper Level
Kansetsu - Joint (Knee, Ankle etc.)
Oroshi - Descending
Gedan - Lower Level
Ke Age - Rising
Kin - Groin (Golden)
Mae - Front
Mawashi - Roundhouse
Soto - Outside
Tobi - Jumping
Yoko - Side
Uchi - Inside
Ushiro - Back

Weapon or Technique

Chusoku - Ball of the Foot
Geri - Kick
Haisoku - Instep
Hiza - Knee
Kakato - Heel
Kake - Hook
Sokuto (Ashi Katana) - Knife Foot / Foot Edge
Sune - Shin
Teisoku - Arch of the Foot



General Terminology

Hajime - Begin
Hidari - Left
Ibuki - Forced Tension Breathing
Kamaete - Take Position
Kata - Formal Exercise
Kiai - Shout / Inner Spirit
Kihon - Basics
Mawatte - Turn
Migi - Right
Mugorei - No Counting
Naore - Return to Original Position
Rei - Formal Bow
Ura - Reverse / Backwards / Mirror Image / Spin
Yakusoku - Pre-arranged
Yame - Stop
Yoi - Ready

Counting

Ichi - One
Ni - Two
San - Three
Shi (Yon) - Four
Go - Five
Roku - Six
Shichi - Seven
Hachi - Eight
Ku - Nine
Ju - Ten
Niju - Twenty
Sanju - Thirty
Yonju - Forty
Goju - Fifty
Hyaku - One Hundred




Further Links within this section

 
 

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